All about atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common skin disease with which approximately 20% of the population in the developed world struggles. The disease is recognized by the appearance of dry rashes, spots, cracking and itching of the skin. In this article, I will explain why AD occurs, how to recognize it, what you can do yourself to improve the condition, and where to find help.
1. Why AD occurs
AD is a complex disease and its development is influenced by several factors.
One of the possible causes is a defect in the production of proteins, which in turn leads to damage to the skin barrier. When the skin barrier is damaged, it is more susceptible to water loss and consequently dry skin. Damage can also lead to increased sensitivity to allergens and irritants.
Another possible reason is a too fast immune response to substances and factors from the environment, which sends an inflammatory signal to the surface of the skin, resulting in rashes and itching.
2. How do you recognize AD?
The main symptoms of atopic dermatitis are itching and extremely dry and inflamed skin. Bubbles and spots may also appear. Rashes often appear on the bends of the elbows and knees.
3. How you can improve the situation yourself
At this point, I must point out that there is no universal advice for atopic dermatitis! However, there are some tips that have already helped many atopic sufferers and I will share them with you.
The cause of outbreaks of atopic dermatitis may be a certain food that does not suit your body. It is not necessary that you are allergic to it, but it still causes outbreaks. Therefore, it is recommended that you prepare the food yourself and note down which recurring ingredient in your meals may cause the condition to worsen. Remember, only one male spice can be the cause.
Atopic dermatitis can also be prevented to some extent by taking nutritional supplements. Omega 3, vitamins B and D have proven to be the most effective. Atopic dermatitis is strongly linked to the immune system, so let's make sure that we offer the body enough vitamins and minerals.
Some people alleviate atopic dermatitis outbreaks with an oak bark bath, which you can get at a pharmacy without a prescription.
Extremely important advice is REGULAR skin care. Therefore, the use of creams or ointments intended for atopic skin. Regular care means that you apply the cream to the areas where you usually have breakouts, once or twice a day even during the period when you do not have breakouts!!
4. Why it is necessary to take care of the skin even when there is no outbreak
Visible signs of atopic dermatitis (dry skin, rashes, cracking) are only part of the disease.
Although there are no visible signs, inflammation under the skin may still be present and waiting to flare up again.
Proper skin care prevents itching. Scratching can cause skin damage and further inflammation, which in turn can lead to visible rashes and even more annoying itching.
Also, with proper care, the skin barrier is kept in a natural balance and thus prevents the appearance of visible signs of AD.
Atopic dermatitis can appear in a mild or extreme form, when the wounds even need to be bandaged.
In the latter case, contact a dermatologist, who can give you a prescription for ointments or corticosteroids, which are effective drugs for AD.
However, use corticosteroids sparingly or according to the doctor's instructions.
Taking corticosteroids too often can lead to red skin syndrome, which means an aggravated condition of atopic dermatitis and the spread of rashes to areas of the body where they did not appear before.
To all of you struggling with this annoying disease, I wish from the bottom of my heart that your condition improves. I've heard too many stories and seen too many pictures of eruptions not to help with my knowledge. With this aim in mind, together with a specialist in dermatology, I developed the Calm cream, which helps alleviate outbreaks of atopic dermatitis such as itching, peeling, dry skin and cracking. As I mentioned, there is no universal advice for atopic patients, but quite a few users have alleviated their flare-ups with Calm cream. I hope you make them too.
Author: Petja Škufca, B.Sc. cosmetologist